Glossary of Common Diet and Weight Loss Terms

This list will be continuously added to.

Anorexia – Eating disorder that also involves fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of the body.

Antioxidants – Molecules that prevents the production of free radicals.

Bariatric surgery – Group of surgical procedures designed to help obese patiens lose weight.

BMI – Body Mass Index is a rough estimate of the shape of a human body.

Caffeine – A stimulant drug, found in coffee and tea, that will make you more alert and less fatigued.

Calorie – Unit of energy in food. Used in the food industry and by nutritionists.

Carbohydrates (carbs) – Biological molecules that contain a lot of energy (sugar and starch).

Diabetes – Disease that causes high levels of blood sugar.

Dietary minerals – See Minerals.

FatGroup of compounds that are good for storing energy on the human body.

Fish oil – Oil found in oily fish. Rich in Omega-3.

Insulin – Hormone that is important for fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Is heavily involved in Diabetes.

Iodine – Mineral needed for the synthesis of thyroid hormones.

Ketogenic diet – A high fat and Low-carb diet.

Low-carb diet – Diet with relatively low amounts of carbohydrates and high amount of proteins.

Macronutrient – Chemical compounds that are consumed in the largest quantities (i.e. Proteins, Carbohydrates and Fats).

Metabolism – Large set of chemical reactions that allow living organisms to grow and reproduce.

Minerals – Dietary minerals are chemical elements, other than the big 4 (oxygen, nitrogen, carbon and hydrogen), than can be found in organic compounds and are essential for living organisms. Examples of dietary minerals are Iodine, potassium, calcium and Selenium.

Organic food – Food that is produced without the use of chemicals or pesticides.

Omega-3 – Three specific fatty acids that are essential for the human body.

Proteins – Macronutrient that builds and repairs muscle tissue.

Selenium – Important mineral for antioxidant enzymes. Essential for metabolic function in all animals.

 

 

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